The Ruling on Marriage by Correspondence or via the Telephone

 


Question:

Is marriage via the telephone or by correspondence binding and accepted? Meaning that the father gives his daughter in marriage via telephone or via a specific letter?
Answer:

Marriage is not contracted via the telephone, nor by correspondence; rather, the husband and the (brides) guardian must attend, along with the witnesses - and this cannot be completed via the telephone or by correspondence. Yes, it might be completed through correspondence, if the contractor appoints a proxy to contract it for him ý if he is in another country. In these circumstances, it is required that the document appointing the proxy be an authorized document, as established by the Islamic Law.
Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen
Fatawa Islamiyah Vol. 5 Page 188

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